Contrary to modern slavery, trafficking in persons, or human trafficking, is a legal term. It is defined by the Palermo Protocol, which defines it as, “The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.”
It includes sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude, or removal of organs. Because children are not able to consent to work, it also includes exploitation of children, even if that exploitation does not meet the above criteria.
To qualify as an incident of trafficking, a case must include an act (recruitment, transport, transfer, etc.), a means (coercion, threat, deception), and a purpose (sexual exploitation, forced labor, etc.).